Installing maven on the Raspberry Pi

The Raspberry Pi‘s raspbian image comes with oracle-java8-jdk already installed and I wanted to use this with maven. However if you install maven using apt-get it will install all kinds of other JDKs and things you don’t need. The solution to this is to install maven from it’s binary distribution. This is quite easy as everything it needs is already installed.

  1. Download the Binary tar.gz version the maven website. Pick the latest version.wget
  2. Extract the archive to /opt.
    cd /opt && sudo tar -xzvf /path/to/apache-maven-3.2.5-bin.tar.gz
  3. Tell you shell where to find maven. We’ll do this in the system profile settings so it is available to all users.
    sudoedit /etc/profile.d/
    and enter
    export M2_HOME=/opt/apache-maven-3.2.5
    export "PATH=$PATH:$M2_HOME/bin"
    Quit and save from the editor.
  4. Log out and back into the Raspberry Pi so the profile script takes effect and there it is. You can test that it is working with
    mvn -version
    and you should see something like
    Apache Maven 3.2.5 (12a6b3acb947671f09b81f49094c53f426d8cea1; 2014-12-14T17:29:23+00:00)
    Maven home: /opt/apache-maven-3.2.5
    Java version: 1.8.0, vendor: Oracle Corporation
    Java home: /usr/lib/jvm/jdk-8-oracle-arm-vfp-hflt/jre
    Default locale: en_GB, platform encoding: UTF-8
    OS name: "linux", version: "3.12.26-rt40+", arch: "arm", family: "unix"

8 thoughts on “Installing maven on the Raspberry Pi

    1. Run `echo $PATH` and check that the output contains /opt/apache-maven-3.2.5/bin and make sure you have logged out and back in again. If not then /etc/profile.d/ not have been created correctly.
      You can also check that `ls -l /opt/apache-maven-3.2.5/bin/mvn` shows you an executable file.


      1. I’m having a similar issue as Jay

        When I run `echo $PATH` I get:


        So that looks good. But when I try `ls -l /opt/apache-maven-3.2.5/bin/mvn` I get:

        ‘ls: cannot access ‘/opt/apache-maven-3.2.5/bin/mvn’: No such file or directory’

        I have tried both copy/pasting the content from step 3 as well as manually entering it and I’m sure each character is correct.

        What do you suggest?


      2. [SOLVED]

        Looks like I solved my own problem right after I asked for help; turns out I had extracted the archive to /etc/opt instead of /opt (I still have a lot to learn with using a CLI)

        Thanks for posting this article!


      3. having similar issue
        echo $PATH output



      4. There is now a much easier way to install maven on a raspbery pi:

        sudo apt update && sudo apt install maven

        This works on the latest release of Raspbian. The article was written at a time when it was not that easy.


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